Panasenko E.I., Rusetsky Yu.Yu., Chernova O.V., Klimenko K.E., Malyavina U.S. Simultaneous rhinoseptoplasty and functional endoscopic sinus surgery. A state-of-the-art review. Head and neck. Russian Journal. 2021;9(4):86–94 (In Russian).
The authors are responsible for the originality of the data presented and the possibility of publishing illustrative material – tables, figures, photographs of patients.

Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), functional respiratory disorders and disturbance of the external nose appearance are common problems for the surgeon. Due to the development of new technologies, including endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) and preservation rhinoplasty (PR), the question of the safety and effectiveness of combined surgery is rising. A systematic review of the literature was performed using the PubMed, Google Scholar, Elibrary, and Scopus databases. We have included cases and case series of simultaneous rhinoplasty and endoscopic sinus surgery in the study. We analyzed the frequency of postoperative complications, patient satisfaction with cosmetic and functional results, the requirement for repeated operations due to recurrent CRS, the requirement for an additional correction of nasal appearance and the criteria for selecting ideal candidates for such surgical interventions. A concurrent rhinoseptoplasty and endoscopic sinus surgery is possible without reducing the effectiveness of each of these operations. However, there are no generally accepted guidelines on the procedure, on the surgical intervention volume, and generally accepted criteria for assessing the surgical risk are lacking.

Key words: endoscopic sinus surgery, chronic rhinosinusitis, postoperative outcomes, rhinoseptoplasty, septoplasty; rhinoplasty; concurrent; combined

Conflicts of interest.
The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.
There was no funding for this study.
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