The success of microsurgical reconstruction is currently assessed not only by the survival of free flaps and adequate
replacement of defects but also by the aesthetic result, donor site morbidity and functional outcome achievement.
A rational consequence of this evolution is the use of free innervated flaps. This literature review provides examples
of the use of different types of flaps for the oral cavity reconstruction, from simple ones to the more complicated
and modern, requiring microsurgical techniques, including the restoration of sensory nerves.
Key words: innervated flap, microsurgery, nerve coaptation, sensory restoration, oral cavity reconstruction